Havana

Havana is the capital city, largest city, province, major port, and leading commercial center of Cuba. The city proper has a population of 2.1 million inhabitants, and it spans a total of 728.26 km2 making it the largest city by area, the most populous city, and the third largest metropolitan area in the Caribbean region.

The city of Havana was founded by the Spanish in the 16th century and due to its strategic location it served as a springboard for the Spanish conquest of the continent becoming a stopping point for the treasure-laden Spanish galleons on the crossing between the New World and the Old World. King Philip II of Spain granted Havana the title of City in 1592.

Contemporary Havana can essentially be described as three cities in one: Old Havana, Vedado and the newer districts. The city is the center of the Cuban government, and home to various ministries, headquarters of businesses and over 90 diplomatic offices.

The city of Havana (the old Villa de San Cristobal during hes foundation on November 16th 1519) was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1982. The city is also noted for its history, culture, architecture and monuments.



Pinar del Rio

The Pinar del Río province is Cuba`s westernmost province and contains one of Cuba`s three main mountain ranges, the Cordillera de Guaniguanico, divided into the easterly Sierra del Rosario and the westerly Sierra de los Órganos.

These form a landscape characterized by steep sided limestone hills (know as Mogotes) and flat, fertile valleys. One such topographic feature, the Viñales Valley, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

The northern coast opens to the great Gulf of Mexico, and is lined by the Colorados Archipelago, a string of cays and isles developed on a reef barrier. The westernmost point of Cuba, Cabo San Antonio, is located on the Guanahacabibes Peninsula, which are a National Park and a Biosphere Reserve.

Pinar del Río is considered one of Cuba`s premier Scuba Diving destinations because of Cayo Levisa, about two kilometers from Vinales town, is known for its copious black coral and virgin beach aera. Another popular location is María la Gorda beach, which boasts many nearby dive sites.



Vinales

A major destination is the Viñales Valley, a karstic depression located in the Sierra de los Organos, north of the town of Viñales. Designated a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1999 because of its natural beauty and the traditional agricultural techniques which continue to use in the cultivation of tobacco and other crops there, the valley is a popular hiking and rock climbing location.

Many of the valley`s surrounding hills are dotted with caves which may be explored by visitors and spelunking has become another popular activity in the province (a particularly interesting cave is the Cueva de los Portales, beside the Río Caiguanabo, where Ernesto “Che” Guevara set up his staff headquarters and dormitory as commander of the Western Army during the Cuban Missile Crisis).


Las Terrazas

Las Terrazas es una villa única de su tipo, localizada 20 kilómetros al noroeste de Soroa. Rodeada de montañas, la villa fue fundada en 1971 como parte de un proyecto de desarrollo rural y reforestación que se expandió a través de 5000 Ha. Como en otras partes de la provincia, existen numerosas rutas de senderismo las cuales serpentean a través de las montañas de los alrededores.


Matanzas

Matanzas is known for its poets, culture, and Afro-Cuban folklore, it is located on the north of the island on the Bay of Matanzas, 90 kilometers east of the capital Havana and 32 kilometers west of the resort town of Varadero.

Matanzas is called the City of Bridges, for the seventeen bridges that cross the three rivers that traverse the city (Rio Yumuri, Rio San Juan, and Rio Canimar). For this reason it was referred to as the “Venice of Cuba.” It was also called “La Atenas de Cuba” for its poets.

Matanzas is known as the birthplace of the music and dance traditions danzón and rumba.



Varadero

Varadero is a resort town in the province of Matanzas, and one of the largest resort areas in the Caribbean which have All Inclusive hotel Resort and SPA.

The peninsula is only 1.2 km wide at its widest point and is separated from the island of Cuba by the Kawama Channel. This land extends more than 20 kilometers from the mainland in a northeasterly direction and its tip, Punta Hicacos, is the northernmost point of the island of Cuba. At the northeastern end of the peninsula there is a nature reserve with virgin forests and beaches. The Hicacos Point Natural Park is an ecological reserve established in 1974.


Trinidad

Trinidad is a small town in the province of Sancti Spíritus, central Cuba. Together with the nearby Valle de los Ingenios, it has been one of UNESCOs World Heritage sites since 1988.

Trinidad was founded on December 23, 1514 by Diego Velázquez de Cuéllar under the name Villa de la Santísima Trinidad. Now day people can find in the center of the town in Plaza Mayor Square the Santísima Trinidad Surch.

Trinidad is one of the best-preserved cities in the Caribbean from the time when the sugar trade was the main industry in the region. The town of Trinidad also have a beach area name Peninsula Ancon with All Inclusive Resort Hotel, the famous beaches of the Caribean.


Santa Clara

Santa Clara is the capital city of the Cuban Province of Villa Clara. It is located in the most central region of the province and almost in the most central region of the country.

Santa Clara was founded by 175 people on July 15, 1689. The construction of the city was following the Spanish standards, a perfect squared layout with a central plaza (now days Parque Vidal).

Soon after the foundation, a theater, a chamber of commerce, meeting clubs, public libraries and dance halls were erected as well. The position of the city, almost in the very center of the country, made it as a perfect halt and a great communication link, east-west and north-south, creating a slow but unstoppable growth. By the 19th century, Santa Clara was bigger and more populated than the rest of the towns around.

Santa Clara is also very important for the Cuban Revolution because of The Santa Clara battle with the lider Ernesto “Che” Guevara when he and his trops derailed an armored train who was coming from Santiago de Cuba to Havana with army. Now days in Santa Clara they have a Park with some parts of the train and the bulldozer who was used and drived by Ernesto “Che” Guevara during the battle.

According with the revolutionary history of Santa Clara and Ernesto “Che” Guevara, now days since 1988 they build the Revolution Square dedicated to Che Guevara and since 1997 the body of Che is bored in the Mausoleum together with his war partners. The history of Che Guevarra can be learn in this revolution square as well because of the museum which is located in the same place.



 

Santa Clara Cays

Also Santa Clara have a beach line in the north, know as Cayo Santa Maria which have All Inclusive Hotels Resort and SPA.